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TURTLE ARTICLES >


TURTLE HOUSING AND HABITAT

Online calculator - check the suitability your turtle setup

This online tool calculates the volume of your enclosure, and comments on the suitability of this enclosure for aquatic turtles based on the volume of water it will hold, width and height. If you already have a turtle setup, and want to check how suitable it is, or you are planning a turtle enclosure, this tool will give you a good overview of what is required. (read more)


TURTLE HOUSING AND HABITAT

Attempting to create a sponge basket filter for Sternotherus odoratus

Common musk turtles, or stinkpots (Sternotherus odoratus) are a small species of North American turtle, which naturally inhabit slow moving, sluggish backwaters, or still ponds. After a couple of years experimenting with sponge filtration in fish tanks, I decided to try and replicate a similar, stillwater setup, for two adult female musks. (read more)


TURTLE DIET AND NUTRITION

How to make your own 'turtle pudding' complete diet

'Turtle pudding' is a diet made from blended ingredients and gelatine. Once made, it can be frozen, and fed at any point. Whilst the ingredient list is essentially up to you, the idea is to produce a blend of natural and healthy ingredients for your turtles in a single, easy to feed diet. (read more)


TURTLE DIET AND NUTRITION

Understanding and preventing Thiaminase poisoning

Thiaminase is an enzyme found in some types of fish, crustacean and mollusc, and can cause Vitamin B deficiencies. This article explores the ways to avoid it, and the alternatives for animals requiring seafood-rich diets. (read more)


TURTLE HEALTH AND DISEASE

How to spot common turtle health problems

Aquatic turtles are generally very hardy creatures, but they can be affected by a range of health problems. The following symptoms can provide a useful checklist when quarantining a new turtle, or if you are noticing an unusual behaviour that you think may be linked to illness. (read more)


TURTLE HEALTH AND DISEASE

How to 'dry dock' a turtle

Dry docking keeps the turtle in a dry area long enough to allow its shell, airways and skin to dry off, and aid recovery from fungal and bacterial infections. It is also noted for increasing wound recovery time, as constant contact with water can prevent wounds healing as quickly. (read more)


TURTLE HEALTH AND DISEASE

How to treat turtle shell damage

The shell provides critical protection to chelonia, but can occasionally be damaged in situations such as falls, bites, or bacterial/fungal growth. This article is designed to guide you through treating small injuries with an iodine-based or salt-based solution, including shell scrapes, cuts, cracks, bites and shell rot. (read more)




SNAKE ARTICLES >


SNAKE HOUSING AND HABITAT

Keeping snakes in plastic boxes - a scientific review

This review aims to highlight the advantages and disadvantages of plastic storage-box style enclosures compared to purpose-built vivaria, drawing on several scientific works involving snakes in captivity. (read more)


SNAKE DIET AND NUTRITION

Day-old chicks as a staple diet for captive snakes

Chicks are not as widely used in captive snake diets as rodent prey. This article examines whether chicks are a suitable alternative to rodents and assesses their suitability as a staple diet. (read more)



LIZARD ARTICLES >


LIZARD HOUSING AND HABITAT

Creating a DIY LED lighting system

A guide to producing your own LED (Light Emitting Diode) lighting system for reptiles and amphibains. They have a number of advantages, including low power consumption, low heat, and are available in waterproof, flexible strips. (read more)



INVERTEBRATE ARTICLES >


INVERTEBRATE BREEDING AND FEEDER INSECTS

How to breed Orange Spotted / Argentine Cockroaches (Blaptica dubia)

Dubia roaches are one of the most popular livefoods for exotic pet keepers to raise at home. They are a tropical, livebearing species from Central and South America, and make an excellent staple food for most insectivorous pets (read more)


INVERTEBRATE BREEDING AND FEEDER INSECTS

How to breed Mealworms (Tenebrio molitor)

Mealworms are the larval stage of Tenebrio molitor, a species of Darkling beetle. They are simple and relatively cheap to breed, and are a nutritious food source for lizards, turtles and large amphibians (read more)


INVERTEBRATE BREEDING AND FEEDER INSECTS

How to breed Fruit Flies (Drosophila sp.)

To stand a chance of keeping the likes of Poison Dart frogs, Pygmy Chameleons, Praying Mantids or other small insectivores, the art of culturing Drosophila fruit flies is something worth learning about (read more)


INVERTEBRATE BREEDING AND FEEDER INSECTS

My attempts to culture Thai Fairy Shrimp (Branchinella thailandensis)

The Thai fairy shrimp (Branchinella thailandensis) is a fully freshwater relative of the Brine Shrimp, and potentially useful as a livefood. This article details my own attempts at cultuing them, and lessons learned along the way (read more)



FISH & AMPHIBIAN ARTICLES >


FISH FILTRATION

How to make a DIY sponge filter

Sponge filters are cheap and easy to make, and provide biological and mechanical filtration. This guide explains how to make your own sponge filter, perfect for aquariums, quarantine tanks, and breeding setups (read more)